Penndorf's Miscellaneous Ramblings

Pete's Potter Creek rain gauge showed 1/2 inch for Monday and 1.2 inches yesterday through this morning.

You can find more information about our current weather conditions than is good for you at www.wunderground.com


There's increased activity in west-Berkeley commercial real estate. More property is being shown and with banks beginning to lend, real offers are being made and sales completed. "I haven't seen this kind of interest in two years" said a very reliable source.


KRON's Stanley Roberts finds Berkeley Behaving Badly

"Surprised Drivers Get Ticket for our Unwritten Parking Rule"

for video roll down to headline


The Gitmo-detainees-measure was defeated by our city council, 4-1 with 4 abstentions.

And our City Manager Phil Kamlarz said ". . . federal law explicitly prohibits the transfer of Guantanamo detainees to the United States."


History of Cincinnati Chili

Outside of the state of Texas, Cincinnati, Ohio, is the most chili-crazed city in the United States. Cincinnati prides itself on being a true chili capital, with more than 180 chili parlors. Cincinnati-style chili is quite different from its more familiar Texas cousin, and it has developed a cult-like popularity.

What makes it different is the way the meat is cooked. The chili has a thinner consistency and is prepared with an unusual blend of spices that includes cinnamon, chocolate or cocoa, allspice, and Worcestershire. this is truly the unofficial grub of Cincinnati.

The people of Cincinnati enjoy their chili spooned over freshly made pasta and topped with a combination of chopped onions, shredded Cheddar cheese, refried beans or kidney beans, and crushed oyster crackers. If you choose "the works," you are eating what they call Five-Way Chili. Make sure to pile on the toppings - that's what sets it apart from any other chili dish.

To test a restaurant for authenticity, ask for a Four-Way. If the server asks you whether you want beans or onions, you know this is fake Cincinnati chili, since Four-Way always comes with onions.

Macedonian immigrant Tom Kiradjieff created Cincinnati chili in 1922. With his brother, John, Kiradjieff opened a small Greek restaurant called the Empress.

more history and recipe here



Our Town's new street-only-paper is the Berkeley Times.

A family-friendly local news sourse not unlike berkeleyside.com but for younger readers,

"It's time to subscribe to the Times

     It's time to subscribe to the Berkeley Times, and to support the local hometown paper in Berkeley. The pilot edition is scheduled for publication on Thursday, September 9, 2010. You won't find it online, instead look for the first edition delivered to your front door (or very close to it).
     In each printed edition of Berkeley Times, subscribers will read local stories about what matters most to citizens: the education of its children, the safety and conditions of its streets, its homes and its parks, prep sports and the local art scene. Most of all, people will find stories about themselves ­ some of which will be submitted by its readers, those with something to say about Berkeley. There will be announcements of births, engagements, weddings and deaths. Obituaries in the Berkeley Times will be elaborate when appropriate and published at no charge to grieving families.
     An independent newspaper, the Berkeley Times will be entertaining, humor-filled and kid-friendly; after all, this paper is especially intended to attract young readers. Overall, the tone will be warm and friendly and remind readers why they love living here.
     Though Berkeley Times will have a website, editions will not be available on line. For that reason, non-subscribers seeking the news of Berkeley or a specific story must find a printed copy ­ or better yet, subscribe. Independent newspapers are rare in America these days, and for good reason. Advertising revenues in this economic climate cannot sustain them. For that reason, for this community newspaper to become a reality in Berkeley, its citizens must underwrite its operations."




Our Loni Hancock, State Senator from Berkeley, is at the bottom of the list of senators'

spending for transportation--her last year's total only $1500.00.





is a recent book by Kate Klise and our Sarah Klise

of which Michele Shaw, Quail Run Elementary School, San Ramon, CA writes

"When former best-selling children's author I.B. Grumply moves into a Victorian mansion in Ghastly, IL, to write the latest installment in his 'Ghost Tamer' series, he is hindered by more than just his overwhelming case of writer's block. He is dismayed to find the mansion already occupied by an 11-year-old boy named Seymour Hope, his cat, and Olive C. Spence, a ghost living in the cupola who is unhappy because she never managed to publish her books in her lifetime. Similar to the Klises' other offerings, the story is successfully told through letters, newspaper clippings, drawings, and related devices. Although Grumply has written ghost tales, he himself is a nonbeliever, and Olive and Seymour attempt to convince him. They then collaborate on a book about their own experiences, including the possibility of the demolition of the mansion, a ghost who falls in love with the occupant of her house, and Seymour's parents and their lack of responsibility for his care. This first title in a new series will appeal to readers, especially reluctant ones, as it moves quickly and leaves its audience eager for book two, which is announced in this ghastly and fun tale."




Much to my amazment, traffic to our "Almost Daily Scrambled Eggs and Lox" pages continues at two-to -three times the pre "Miscellaneous Ramblings" rate.

Well, Ok then.




Our Jim Novosel is the architect

for the restoration of the building on the south-east corner of University and San Pablo.

This is the Weisbrod Building. Designed by Spiveck and Spiveck, it was constructed in 1930 and was designated a City of Berkeley landmark in July 1985.


end Miscellaneous Ramblings




post from the past


Architect, Jim Novosel emails about his 2817 8th Street project

Without too much architectural, planning language bs, I want to outline to you why I feel this project should be supported from a neighborhood perspective. It mostly goes to size and style, i.e., the project's size is reasonable and significantly less than what the zoning rules would allow, and the building looks like it belongs in the neighborhood.


1. The project is only 4 units whereas 6 units could be built.
2. The project is 6,228 square feet of building whereas nearly 11,000
square feet could be built. The zoning rules would allow a developer to
construct a project that could have 1 1/2 times the square footage of
its land size, where as our project is only .85 of its land size.
3. The project is two stories in the front and rear, and three only in
its center. A full 3 stories could be constructed across the property.
4. The style of the buildings fit the neighborhood's scale and is
"friendly" to the historic look of adjacent homes. Our front unit has an
entry door and living room on the street level that faces the
neighborhood similar to the older adjacent residences. The recent
projects at 8th and Pardee, though well designed in the "high
architecture" style, are closed off and have little street connection to
the existing neighborhood context.

To think that in most Berkeley developments, the zoning envelopment is being pushed by developers to have bigger and denser projects than would be allowed by the zoning rules. Here, the Potter Creek Neighborhood is
looking at a housing project in reverse of that trend.

Thank you, Jim Novosel. 510.420.1484


end post from the past





"UC schools need remedial work on open government" opines mercurynews.com.

"It's disconcerting, to say the least, that the University of California flunked a transparency test from a major open-government group. But the Bay Area's four California State University schools -- including San Jose State -- got an A-plus.

May we suggest some peer tutoring? "




"Tick population plummets in absence of lizard hosts" is a story-release by Sarah Yang, Media Relations, UC Berkeley.

"The Western fence lizard's reputation for helping to reduce the threat of Lyme disease is in jeopardy. A new study led by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, found that areas where the lizard had been removed saw a subsequent drop in the population of the ticks that transmit Lyme disease."



"Gasoline From Water? It Could Happen:Major Effort Is Under Way in California to Use Sunlight to Split Water Into Fuel" at abcnews.com.

"A worldwide competition is under way to develop technology that will revolutionize the way we power everything. from our laptops to our cars, and the United States, at the moment, has a substantiive lead.

The goal is to produce fuels -- hydrogen, methane, maybe gasoline -- by vastly improving on the photosynthesis that provides the fuel for plants and algae and all sorts of living things to grow.

The end goal: Turning ordinary water into fuel by beating nature at its own game. To do that you need sunlight, water and various catalysts to produce different kinds of fuel. The catalysts will likely be unlike anything seen today. "




"In a galaxy far away, Indian-origin scientist finds her calling" is a story at indiatimes.com.

"US-based Indian origin astrophysicist Sukanya Charkrabarti has found her calling 260,000 light years away in a galaxy that can barely, if at all, be seen. Galaxy X, at a distance which is modest on the cosmic scale, is where she is perfecting her theoretical skills.

Dealing with structures of the Milky Way that seem to exist more by their gravitational signature than by actual observational fact, Chakrabarti, of the University of California , Berkeley , has perfected a technique that could give scientists some key answers to deeply troubling questions. The most baffling of them relates to dark matter, which forms over 80 per cent of the universe.

Dark matter is a mysterious matter that cannot be seen because it does not interact with light. Its presence is inferred by the gravitational forces it exerts on matter that can be seen. "




"Four young faculty members to receive $50,000 Sloan Research Fellowships" by Gretchen Kell, Media Relations, UC Berkeley.

"Four faculty members from the University of California, Berkeley, have been awarded prestigious Sloan Research Fellowships, given annually by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation to scientists, mathematicians and economists who are at an early stage of their research careers."





"Amazon plays hardball with state taxers" at ocregister.com.

"California legislators should look at a fight going on between Texas and Amazon.com as they make another run at getting taxes from sales on Amazon, Overstock.com and other out-of-state retailers.
The Texas Comptroller Susan Combs in 2010 sent Amazon a bill for $269 million in taxes plus penalties and interest for sales made through Amazon to Texas residents from 2005 to 2009, the Statesman.com reports.

Amazon responded this month by announcing it will close its physical presence in Texas and take 119 jobs with it. That presence is a warehouse that is one of 52 fulfillment centers the Seattle-based online retail giant maintains. The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that states cannot force online and mail order retailers to collect sales tax in states where it has no stores, warehouses or other physical presence (called nexus for those who speak bureaucratese).
Amazon doesn't have that type of physical presence in California, so  the bill introduced in January by Assemblywoman Nancy Skinner, D-Berkeley, is targeting California-based websites that earn commissions by directing some of their traffic to Amazon and other large online retailers. There are an estimated 25,000 such Amazon affiliates in California."








Penndorf's Miscellaneous Ramblings

900 GRAYSON's Courtney is going to the NBA All-Star Game in LA this weekend . . .

and to the parties.




"Childhood sleepovers opened eyes to possibilities" by Meredith May, sfgate.com.

"When I started elementary school, I was surprised to discover that my new friends had their own bedrooms.

From age 5 to 10, I shared a bedroom with my newly divorced mother and younger brother in my grandparents' home."


Meredith May introduced me to the poetry and writing of Raymond Carver. I knew Ms May briefly when she worked in Chronicle's Qakland bureau.

Raymond Carver


Make use of things around you This light rain Outside the window, for one. The cigarette between my fingers, These feet on the couch. The faint sound of rock-and-roll, The red Ferrari in my head. The woman bumping Drunkenly around in the kitchen . . . Put it all in, Make use.




American Idiot won the Grammy for Best Musical Show Album. Produced by Billie Joe Armstrong, the recording features Green Day and the original Broadway cast. The musical features music from Green Day's most recent albums, American Idiot and 21st Century Breakdown.


Tavis Smiley's conversation with Wynton Marsalis is worth watching.

"Eight and nine-time Grammy winner Wynton Marsalis discusses the long-term price Americans are paying for abandoning arts in education and analyzes their confusion of entertainment with arts."



Aw jeez, . . . this week's four-hour-plus Berkeley Ciy Council session video is here.


end Miscellaneous Ramblings



post from the past


new cutie in Potter Creek?


Jada is Courtney's daughter.


end post from the past


"Layoffs are coming to Berkeley City Hall:City makes cuts to offset a $1.8 million budget deficit" by Doug Oakley, Berkeley Voice.

"Facing a sickly economy and weak tax revenue, Berkeley will lay off seven city employees in April, put off road repair and other projects and make cuts to city departments to fill a $1.8 million Faing a sickly economy and weak tax revenue, Berkeley will lay off seven city employees in April, put off road repair and other projects and make cuts to city departments to fill a $1.8 million budget deficit, City Manager Phil Kamlarz said Tuesday.

The Police Department, which has been spared from budget cuts the past couple of years, likely will take a hit in the next fiscal year starting in July when the city will have to cut $11 million more, partly because of rising pension and health care costs and low tax revenue.

Pensions for retired city workers will cost the city about $32.7 million in fiscal year 2013."




"Green Jobs Fair Coming To Northern California" at greenjobsready.com.

"Numerous websites centered around news pertaining to the various green industries, including EarthTechling, are abuzz over the recent announcement that the Green Jobs Network is currently planning a Green Jobs & Entrepreneurship Fair aimed at unemployed potential green jobs industry workers in Northern California.

The fair, which is set to be held on February 16 at the David Brower Center on Allston Way in Berkeley, California, will include a Resource Fair, which will host representatives from many major organizations "relevant to green job seekers and entrepreneurs," according to the fair's website. These organizations include the Alameda County Small Business Development Center, Bay Area Green Tours, the San Francisco Department of the Environment, Skyline College, and the Solar Living Institute, among other institutions."




"U.C. Berkeley to spend $500,000 boosting foreign language classes" by Steven E.F. Brown at bizjournals.com.

"The University of California, Berkeley, plans to spend $500,000 creating more foreign language classes in the next academic year.

Ultimately, this push will result in 30 new language courses at Cal. Provost George Breslauer said the school is keen to spend some of the money it's getting from fee increases "to protect and enhance the quality of undergraduate instruction." More money is also coming in because of increasing out-of-state and international student enrollment (these students pay much more to go to U.C. Berkeley than California residents)."










"Relic of St. Mary Magdalene coming to Berkeley parish" by Angela Hill, Oakland Tribune.

"Encased in glass and held in tender reverence, a partial tibia believed to be that of St. Mary Magdalene will be at a Berkeley parish Thursday as part of the relic's monthlong California tour.

'It's not something that happens every day, so it's a rather extraordinary experience to view something like that,' said the Rev. David Farrugia, pastor of Berkeley's St. Mary Magdalen Parish. 'Mary Magdalene is not only the patron saint of our parish, but also considered the second patron of the Dominican order. So this is very special.' "



"Across the Country, Food Co-ops by the Students for the Students" Barry Estabrook, theatlantic.com.

"When Panda Express, a 1,300-outlet Chinese fast-food chain, announced plans to open a branch on the campus of the University of California-Berkeley, a group of students protested (not surprisingly, given that their city is the heart of all things local/seasonal/organic). What is surprising is that the students not only defeated the chain but also took their victory one step further by raising $100,000 to replace the proposed Beijing Beef, Honey Walnut Shrimp, and Kung Pao Chicken joint with a student-run co-op carrying fresh, local, healthy, sustainable, and fairly produced food that would be sold at affordable prices.

Youthful naiveté? Think again. After two and a half years of planning, the Berkeley Student Food Collective opened late last year. According to Yoni Landau, one of the organizers, the collective resembles any small convenience store or market, featuring grocery items and prepared sandwiches that harried students can grab on their way to or from classes. Prices are kept affordable with the help of volunteer employees. "We won," said Landau in an interview."




"Crude reality" is a story at boston.com.

"Will a Middle Eastern oil disruption crush the economy? New research suggests the answer is no -- and that a major tenet of American foreign policy may be fundamentally wrong."





Penndorf's Miscellaneous Ramblings

Pete's Potter Creek rain gauge shows 1.55 inches from Wednesday mid-day 'til Thursday mid-day.


"Sailing Anarchy 'Where the Status Quo Blows' " is a site worth checking out.

"When we see something we like . . . we love to show it. Last week we featured Paul Bieker's newest I 14.

And then we saw his new Riptide 35 MK II."



The Fourth Street Apple Store will fundamentally change the street and neighborhood. Particularly in the evening, when the store by itself will draw more people creating a vibrant night-life.


CVS is looking at the former bingo parlor on Gilman and San Pablo as a site for another one of their "pharmacies."




Our Becky O "Gets it" with her Daily Planet editorial about "berkeleysides' polling-of-the-west-Berkeley-proposed-code-change."

Seems that our Open Town Hall website asked readers to express their opinion about "code changes in west-Berkeley that would allow expanded R&D use." Of the couple hundred replies almost all favored changes.

BUSTED, bad social science.

The respondents were self-selected. That is, those who replied chose to.

For a result that was more than gossip, a random survey by street-address or telephone-number would have to be conducted. I would have limited it to those affected--those in west-Berkeley. A carefully constructed, value-neutral question would be formed and asked. The tabulated result would thus fairly and accurately reflect opinion of those questioned. Even then, the radical mixed-use of west-Berkeley would mitigate. But those randomly questioned would still accurately reflect the make up here.

Our Councilman Darryl Moore, who did graduate work in Sociology, seems to have understood the conundrum, for in his email, that I posted, in which he suggested poll-participation, Mr Darryl made it clear that the results would in no-way by-themselves determine his position.



While pensing about west-Berkeley, I'm left with the conclusion that the proposed LBNL facility would pay to Our Town in fees, taxes, etc. "Whatever it wants!"

Which doesn't mean that its presence here wouldn't be an economic windfall.



And, I believe the Open Town Hall website as it's constructed to be not-very-valuable.


just south of Potter Creek

a Patricia Dreher photo

Hygenic Dog Food Co



"All You Need to Know About Why Things Fell Apart" by Michael Lewis at bloomberg.com.

"A surprising number of my fellow citizens appear to be unaware of my service these past 18 months as a member of the Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission.

Thus it may come as news that I have declined to sign the report issued by the majority, or the dissent by the three- member minority, or even the dissent from their dissent, written by the now-immortal Peter J. Wallison. I hereby dissent from the dissent from the dissent. My dissent is different from all those other dissents, which is why I am dissenting.

I do this, of course, not to call attention to myself. Still less do I seek to enhance the status of my application for employment with JPMorgan Chase. I seek merely to inform the general public of the true causes of our so-called financial crisis.

The task is not a simple one. In limiting me to a mere two pages at the end of their 633-page book, the majority and the other dissenters have suppressed not only several apt metaphors, but deep truths.

Here, in a far-too-brief executive summary, they are:

Financial Crisis Cause No. 1: Wall Street's shifting demographics.

In the commission's report Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke describes recent events as 'the worst financial crisis in global history, including the Great Depression.' The event, in other words, was unprecedented. To understand an event that has never before occurred, we must logically begin with those factors that have never before been present. On Wall Street, the most obvious such factor is women. "




"Eadweard Muybridge - a man and photos in motion" Sam Whiting, Chronicle Staff Writer.

"Standing at the entrance to South Park, you can feel Eadweard Muybridge's rage 137 years ago when he figured out that his wife, Flora, was fooling around with theater critic Harry Larkyns.

The inventive photographer and Flora lived in a home facing San Francisco's first planned residential tract, and he had set up his tripod in the middle of the street to capture it, not knowing that this would be the exact place where Larkyns would first captivate his wife. When Muybridge put this together, after seeing a picture of his infant son Floredo  with the inscription 'Little Harry' written on the back in his wife's hand, he tracked Larkyns up to St. Helena.

'I have a message from my wife,' were his words.

The message was a bullet delivered at close range. At trial, Muybridge (pronounced MY-bridge) was acquitted of the murder, on a defense of anguish and insanity, with a little bit of 'he had it coming.'

This is the way things were done in the decades after the Gold Rush, an era that will take over the entire third floor of the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art when 'Helios: Eadweard Muybridge in a Time of Change' opens on Feb. 26."



Kate and Sarah Klise's third book in the "43 Old Cemetery Road" series, "Till Death Do Us Bark" is scheduled for a Spring release.


end Miscellaneous Ramblings






Penndorf's Miscellaneous Ramblings

Thursday evening and just another

Potter Creek sunset


end Miscellaneous Ramblings





posts from the past


"Why California is Still America's Future" by Michael Grunwald at time.com.

"California, you may have heard, is an apocalyptic mess of raging wildfires, soaring unemployment, mass foreclosures and political paralysis. It's dysfunctional. It's ungovernable. Its bond rating is barely above junk. It's so broke, it had to hand out IOUs while its leaders debated how many prisoners to release and parks to close. Nevada aired ads mocking California's business climate to lure its entrepreneurs. The media portray California as a noir fantasyland of overcrowded schools, perpetual droughts, celebrity breakdowns, illegal immigration, hellish congestion and general malaise, captured in headlines like "Meltdown on the Ocean" and "California's Wipeout Economy" and "Will California Become America's First Failed State?" (See pictures of the clean-up after California wildfires.)

Actually, it won't.

Ignore the California whinery. It's still a dream state. In fact, the pioneering megastate that gave us microchips, freeways, blue jeans, tax revolts, extreme sports, energy efficiency, health clubs, Google searches, Craigslist, iPhones and the Hollywood vision of success is still the cutting edge of the American future - economically, environmentally, demographically, culturally and maybe politically. It's the greenest and most diverse state, the most globalized in general and most Asia-oriented in particular at a time when the world is heading in all those directions. It's also an unparalleled engine of innovation, the mecca of high tech, biotech and now clean tech. In 2008, California's wipeout economy attracted more venture capital than the rest of the nation combined. Somehow its supposedly hostile business climate has nurtured Google, Apple, Hewlett-Packard, Facebook, Twitter, Disney, Cisco, Intel, eBay, YouTube, MySpace, the Gap and countless other companies that drive the way we live."




Regarding West-Berkeley-manufacturing
And just what is the commodity that Berkeley possesses in abundance, that Berkeley manufactures in as great or greater quantities than anywhere else on the planet? Would that be brainpower? And how best to channel it in 21st Century West-Berkeley? Invention and innovation through research and development jumps to mind.




our Swerve

loaded for Ed Roberts Campus* production

*The Ed Roberts Campus mission is to ensure that people with disabilities can live independently and without discrimination.Located at a fully accessible transit hub, the Ed Roberts Campus will be a national and international model dedicated to disability rights and universal access.The Ed Roberts Campus will commemorate the life and work of Edward V. Roberts, an early leader in the independent living movement of persons with disabilities. Ed believed in the strength of collaborative efforts: He called it "working toward our preferred future."



Swerve reception desk

for the Campus

Four groups of the Campus' seven will be furnished by Swerve. They are Center for Independent Living (CIL), Computer Technologies Program (CTP), Bay Area Outreach & Recreation Program (BORP), and Center for Accessible Technology (C4AT).

Swerve's designs were accepted because their flexiblity will meet the needs of many different people.


end posts from the past




"Robbery shakes faith of merchant who gives to his community" " reports the Doug Oakley of the holdup of Mi Tierra's owner.

"A west Berkeley grocery store owner was robbed of $30,000 in cash outside his store Thursday, a crime that puts his business on shaky ground and has him questioning his faith in giving back to the community.When at-risk youth came looking for a wall on which to paint a mural, Jesus Mendez, owner of Mi Tierra Foods on San Pablo Avenue, offered his. When local schools like Nia House, Rosa Parks Elementary School, Willard Middle School and Berkeley High School have fundraisers, Mendez gives money. He gives money to the south and west Berkeley senior centers. So when two men stuck a gun in his face as he was returning from a nearby Wells Fargo with cash for his store's check cashing operation, the pain went deep."




"Chile's First Female President to Teach Seminar at UC Berkeley" by Alisha Azevedo, Daily Cal Staff Writer.

"Beginning Friday, former President of Chile Michelle Bachelet will teach a four-session seminar at UC Berkeley, drawing on her experiences as a leader and marking her third visit to the campus in the past four years. "








post from the past

Potter Creek in the 1970s

a Margret Elliot photo--copyright

end post from the past




Penndorf's Miscellaneous Ramblings

I was seated next to Transit Board member and attorney Greg Harper at 900 Friday. During our animated conversation, that sometimes interferred with eating, we found much in common.

Greg emails
I had a great time . . . at the lunch counter, and those Mary Morris photos are magnificent! Will review your site in greater depth in coming weeks; vinyl, motorcycles, and politics gotta be good.

Greg's wife, Archana Horsting, is the Director of Kala Institude and his daughter, while in high school, wrote a paper-about women in the Black Panthers. Archana emailed it to me. I went over the paper several times and found it a fascinating, well researched, even brilliant work.



Merryll emails(excerpt)

If you are a reporter and know the facts [ you should ] let us know when we're misguided or as you say BUSTED. As a reporter aren't you obligated to tell us the truth of the situation?  Isn't that what news is?



In response to my email

"You and I are at Google Maps schmoozing on the southwest corner of 8th and Grayson. Click on 2743 8th St to view."

David replies (excerpt)

Holly s#%t . . .1984 and then some.




an Edsel

a Patricia Dreher photo

next to the Hygenic Dog Food Co



The Grocery Outlet--the Canned Food Store--has less variety and higher prices than in the past. Under the new ownership, the prices seem to be 50 % to twice the former and the stock is no longer fitted to our neighborhood. All-in-all, yesterday's shopping was a disappointment. It's no longer our neighborhood store but a generic cheap-food chain.



Yesterday's storm left snow in the Berkeley hills along Grizzly Peak and closed Tllden Park.


end Miscellaneous Ramblings





"City of Berkeley To Provide Green Jobs Training" greenjobsready.com.

"According to a press release hosted by PRWeb and reprinted by the San Francisco Chronicle's online edition, SFGate.com, the California city of Berkeley's Inter-City Services, Inc. (ICS) is set to offer various training programs for citizens to both master green technologies and the skills necessary to obtain employment in any of several rapidly expanding green industries, such as solar installation procedures and the process of LEED certification."



"Hopkins astrophysicist wins Einstein Meda" at baltimoresun.com.

"A Johns Hopkins University astrophysicist has won the 2011 Einstein Medal for his discovery of a mysterious force dubbed 'dark energy' that is accelerating the expansion of the universe.

Adam Riess, 41, will share the prize with Saul Perlmutter, of the University of California, Berkeley, whose team published similar results just after Riess' team. The prize has been awarded since 1979 by the Albert Einstein Society, in Bern, Switzerland, recognizing outstanding scientific work linked to Einstein's."







Penndorf's Miscellaneous Ramblings

Our Karen Steeber emails a link to an almost completely irreverent site about politics including "Texas Gov Shovels Cow Pies About California.

Rick Perry, the blow-dried blowhard recently re-elected as the Republican governor of Texas, was back at it last week, trying to puff up his national political prestige by dumping all over California."


And the more insightful, Charlie Rose conversation with Chris Matthews must be seen. Ostensibly about Matthews' Bill Clinton documentary, it is much more as he wanders through memories of political Washington. The stories about President Reagan and Tip O'Neal are touching.



And Arianna Huffington and AOL' Tim Armstrong's Charlie Rose conversation is about Internet news which they believe to be our future.


Certainly inspired by the monumental and recently reposted "Writer strips the Twinkie of all its secrets"--see below--Berkeleysides' Francis D offers "Alice Waters this ain't: the Berkeley restaurant that fries everything, including Twinkies'

Jason Sum specializes in fried Twinkies. And fried Oreos. And fried pizza. And fried macaroni and cheese."




Today's Merryll Saylan report grows out of the tagging of her building, one of five vandalized over the holiday weekend.

"The art of clearing taggers' work in San Francisco" Edward Guthmann, Special to The Chronicle.

"Joe Padilla oversees the painting of all structures and removal of graffiti in more than 200 San Francisco parks.

Nobody knows more about graffiti than Joe Padilla. The paint-shop supervisor for the San Francisco Recreation and Park Department, Padilla oversees graffiti removal for all of the city's 220 parks."


And Merryll's friend, Carolyn Jones writes at sfgate.com "S.F. blues guitarist--dies.

Johnny Nitro's life ended like one of his gigs: in an old North Beach bar, on a Saturday night, surrounded by fans.

Mr. Nitro, whose raspy voice and low-down rhythm guitar made him a beloved fixture in the Bay Area blues scene, died Saturday evening in his apartment upstairs from the Saloon on Grant Avenue, where he performed regularly for decades.

'The paramedics came. It was chaos. But when they brought his body down wrapped in a white sheet, everyone just got quiet and started applauding.' "

end Miscellaneous Ramblings



posts from the past


When Kimar, Moe, I and several others flew to London in the '80s, Kimar, my old friend, had Pan Pam's flight attendent serve me Twinkies as we flew over the North Pole. I've loved Twinkies since childhood in Milwaukee.

"Twinkie, Deconstructed: My Journey to Discover How the Ingredients Found in Processed Foods Are Grown, Mined (Yes, Mined), and Manipulated into

What America Eats




"Writer strips the Twinkie of all its secrets:Man overcomes nature, 'vice president of cake' to learn snack's origins"
reports Suzanne Bohan in our Times.

"When Steve Ettlinger donned a hard hat, a head lamp and emergency breathing equipment before his alarming descent 1,600 feet into Wyoming mine shaft, he wondered whether his quest to find the natural sources of all 39 ingredients in Hostess Twinkies'had gone too far.

'As a food writer, I'd really gone astray," he told a crowd of about 100 Google employees earlier this month at the company's Mountain View headquarters.

To complement the author's talk, chefs at Google prepared organic versions of Twinkies for the event, using locally-raised or procured products to make the almond-flavored, cream-filled pastries.

Ettlinger traversed the country and hopped the globe, touring plants, mines and refineries to find the actual origins of the almost unpronounceable ingredients used to make Twinkies. His young daughter's puzzlement over a strange-sounding one called polysorbate 60 listed on her ice cream bar label inspired his quest, which led to
the publication of his book, "Twinkie, Deconstructed." The hardcover version was released last year, and the softcover book is due out on Feb. 26.

'This is a terrific book that really opened my eyes, and I don't know of another book quite like it,' said Michael Pollan, the Berkeley-based best-selling food and nature author, most recently of 'In Defense of Food: An Eater's Manifesto.'

Although Ettlinger chose Twinkies for his in-depth exploration on food additives, he's quick to point out that the book is a treatise on processed foods in general."


Hostess Twinkie's ingredient list:

Enriched bleached wheat flour [flour, ferrous sulfate, "b" vitamins
(niacin, thiamine, mononitrate (b1), riboflavin (b2) folic acid)],
sugar, corn syrup, water, high fructose corn syrup, partially
hydrogenated vegetable shortening (contains one or more of: soybean,
canola or palm oil), dextrose, whole eggs, contains 2 percent or less
of: modified cornstarch, cellulose gum, whey, leavenings (sodium acid
pyrophosphate, baking soda, monocalcium phosphate), salt, cornstarch,
corn flour, corn dextrins, mono and digylcerides, polysorbate 60, soy
lecithin, natural and artificial flavors, soy protein isolate, sodium
stearoyl lactylate, sodium and calcium caseinate, calcium sulfate,
sorbic acid (to retain freshness), color added (yellow 5, red 40).
May contain peanuts or traces of peanuts.


Google alternative recipe:

Organic cake flour, sugar, organic cream, organic butter, organic
eggs, organic milk, sweetened condensed milk, vanilla extract, almond
extract, baking powder, cream of tartar, salt.


end posts from the past




"Accident at Berkeley's Apple store red-tags two neighboring businesses" by Tracey Taylor at berkeleyside.com.

"The semi-collapse of two walls at the site of Berkeley's emerging new Apple store on Fourth Street at 10am this morning led to a call-out for the Berkeley fire department and the closure of two neighboring businesses.
A wall from the Apple site fell against the neighboring building leading to its evacuation by the fire department."




"Berkeley Wine Fest Pops Its Cork Again" reports the eastbayexpress.

"It's hard to believe that Berkeley didn't have its own wine festival until last year, but it's true - and (better late than never) the second annual Berkeley Wine Festival, a three-month extravaganza celebrating the wines of France, Italy, and California, starts this Friday at the Claremont Hotel, Club, & Spa.
The festival starts with a grand opening reception featuring more than fifty different wines, presented at tasting booths by representatives from the wineries that bottled them, and paired with salads, soups, entrées, and desserts created by a collander-wielding confab of acclaimed Berkeley chefs."



"Scripps president Richard Lerner, who brought research institute to Jupiter, to step down next year" by Jeff Ostrowski, Palm Beach Post Staff Writer.

"The scientist who led the Scripps Research Institute's $579 million expansion to Jupiter will step down as president next year, the organization said today.

Scripps President Richard Lerner will be replaced Jan. 1 by Michael Marletta, a biochemist at the University of California, Berkeley."







Penndorf's Miscellaneous Ramblings

Pete's Potter Creek rain gauge showed well over 5 inches for last week's storm, of which 3.4 fell since the 18th.

There's a possibility of snow in Berkeley later this week as we experience a weather pattern similar to the one that produced the snows of the '60s and '70s.


"Freight & Salvage's living roof is tops" Joe Eaton and Ron Sullivan at sfgate.com.

"Our personal priorities are fundamental, so we enjoyed the (finally!) comfortable seats in Freight & Salvage's new building through several concerts before we knew about its living roof.

We've loved the venerable music venue through three locations but missed most of its first year here, so we hadn't heard anyone bragging about this garden."

our Swerve's " (finally!) comfortable seats"

at Freight & Salvage



Celebrating "the final city council meeting about west-Berkeley " Berkeleyside has posted a slideshow"West Berkeley: A pivotal moment." Among others, it features snaps of Potter Creek businesses, including the West-Berkeley Bowl, V&W Window, and Adams and Chittenden Scientific Glass.


Here's the video of the "the final city council meeting about west-Berkeley."

But don't bet on it, this is Berkeley.


end Miscellaneous Ramblings


"New studies come up with best alternative to fossil fuels" at esi-africa.com.

"A combination of rising costs, shrinking supplies, and concerns about global climate change are spurring the development of alternatives to the burning of fossil fuels to meet our transportation energy needs.

Scientific studies have shown the most promising of possible alternatives to be liquid fuels derived from cellulosic biomass. These advanced new bio-fuels have the potential to be clean-burning, carbon-neutral and renewable. Some could also be delivered through existing pipelines and used in today's engines, replacing gasoline on a gallon-for-gallon basis with no loss of performance."








Penndorf's Miscellaneous Ramblings

Something to reflect on after our city council's "last session on west-Berkeley"

from Collier and Horowitz's "Destructive Generation; Second Thoughts About the Sixties."  Chapter Eight "Slouching Toward Berkeley; a Tale of Socialism in One City," p248.

"Indeed, a large part of Berkeley's problem appears to be that so many people are deeply involved in city government. All those not permanently alienated, it is tempting to say, are involved--but involved in a febrile, almost obsessive way. This involvement encouraged by the radicals has led to cynicism rather than citizenship, to a pervasiveness of civic exhaustion rather than a sense of the rewards of creative civic participation. It is an involvement based on anger and animosity, and it has produced few benefits and many casualties, chief among them the painstakingly evolved techniques for handling conflict, that, along with its native imagination and tolerance, once made Berkeley not only a great city but a unique one as well. What has replaced that, . . . is an atmosphere that is moralistic rather than moral, coercive rather than persuasive. The most salient accomplishment of radical governance has been to polarize instead of reconcile; to transform common political ground into a barren no-mans land of unremitting combat."

full-blossom time

in Potter Creek

end Miscellaneous Ramblings






post from the past


our Tak emails

On March 4, our City Council representative Darryl Moore
arranged a meeting to introduce Berkeley's new Police Chief, Michael
Meehan. He comes to Berkeley from the Seattle Police Department though
he grew up in Southern California. The meeting was lightly attended
with only about 20 people present.

Having heard him speak and answer questions for over an hour, I am
both optimistic for the future of the BPD and saddened by his
assessment of its current state. Chief Meehan is a very frank, plain
spoken person. My impression is that his management philosophy is in
the mold of William Bratton, the former police chief in Los Angeles
and New York City. The latter was under NYC Mayor Rudy
Giuliani. He will bring modern, goal oriented management
principles to the Berkeley Police Department based on improved data
collection, analysis and interpretation.

Chief Meehan praised both the history of the BPD as a pioneer in many
police innovations and the professional quality of the men and women
of the force. But he pointed out that the innovations for which BPD is
known stopped almost a century ago.

He sees the current department as inward looking, based on routines
developed over time and not necessarily very effective ones at that.
He sees that the BPD doesn't communicate well on both the
technological level (via radio/net) or on the organizational level with
other law enforcement agencies. He sees that the department is
non-transparent, hesitant to open up and communicate or relate with others.
Chief Meehan is saying that there's a certain defensiveness in the culture of the department.

He points out that even he can't get good day to day data on what the
police department is doing or on what crimes are occurring. This means
that no one in the BPD is getting this information let alone the front
line officers on the street. Chief Meehan called this "policing by

While he praised the professionalism, qualifications and hard work of
the officers, he pointed out that they receive very little continuing
education and training. He pointed out that because there's no data,
there can be no specific quantitative goals for the individual
officers and for supervisorial staff to strive for. I interpret this to mean that he thinks that there's
a poor managerial culture in the department.

Chief Meehan said that he wants a department that is goal oriented,
respectful and accountable. He meant that in the interactions between
the police and the public, officers are to show respect to everyone.
Police officers should take actions based on the actual behavior not
on the way a person looks. He wants everyone in the department to be
accountable for achieving the goals that they set.

In looking at Berkeley, he pointed out that even excluding the crime
around the UC campus, that Berkeley has a total crime rate HIGHER than
Richmond. He thought that there was denial or complacency about this
glaring fact in the community.

These points are what I can remember of the long discussion. There
were many more points he made.

It is unfortunate that his grim assessment of the current state of BPD
rings true for me. I have only had very good encounters with
individual officers. I've found them to be personable and
professional. But it has always been frustrating to deal with the
police department as a whole.

Chief Meehan points out that he's "all in" on this job. He's moved his family to Berkeley. His two children attend Berkeley public schools. (He's not too impressed by his first impression of the schools his children attend.) He will not get a pension from Berkeley.

I think that the City Manager, Phillip Kamlarz and the City Council
made a good decision to look outside the department for a new police
chief. They deserve credit and our support for this choice. If Chief Meehan can carry out his reforms
in this terrible budget climate, I think that Berkeley will be better
off for it.

Tak Nakamoto


end post from the past



Penndorf's Miscellaneous Ramblings

Berkeley PD is expecting their preliminary PERF Study report in a week or so. The PERF (Police Executive Research Forum) is a resource allocation/staffing and deployment study commissioned by our Chief Meehan early in his administration. The analysis should enable our department to operate efficiently and realistically. A previous PERF Study was done years ago, the results of which though implemented, are probably now out of date.

from the Anchorage PD PERF Study

Staffing the APD
Patrol Staffing
Staffing for Units with Internally Generated Workload
Administration and Support
Deploying by Geography
Assigning Personnel by Time
Organizational Structure
Community Policing in Anchorage


Thursday afternoon a film crew shot a commercial at the Sawtooth on 8th and Parker--crew, trucks, tents, in abundance, even auxilary power.



"Neighborhood Blight" is a video-report by CBS 5's Don Knapp about an abandoned house on 6th Street. To read it, search Don Knapp on the CBS5 Video on Demand page.

With her present interest in graffiti Merryll Saylan found and emailed this link We Fight Blight in North Oakland and South Berkeley.


Several reliable sources emailed that our holiday-weekend tagging was not gang-releated. The tagging continues, however.


Hopefully Our Town will work with Apple, the property owners, and the neighbors to solve the Fourth Street Apple Store construction-burp in a fair, effcient and timely manner. The reality is commanding, they are a flagship-tenant world wide.

The Berkeley Apple Store's north-wall collapses during construction--are we still working off '60s Karma?



I'm told the Bauman College, now across from 900, is moving to University Avenue between 9th and 10th next to Primier Cru--the move planned for March.




film editor, Viva Barrows emails

There is a screening of "Losing Knowledge: fifty years of change" on March 14th at the PFA theater in Berkeley. This documentary is set in the mountain town of Talea in Oaxaca, Mexico where Professors Laura Nader and Roberto Gonzalez have done their fieldwork. Laura has been going to the region since 1957, Roberto for the past decade. 

This is their eyewitness account of the impact that NAFTA and other industrializing forces have had on a once isolated and self reliant community. The changes are startling and rapid in Talea, and yet this is just one example of a larger global problem of forgetting long acquired knowledge under the imposition of foreign forces of 'progress'.

written/directed by Laura Nader and Roberto Gonzalez
Director of Photography: Kike Arnal  kikearnal.com
Editor: Viva Barrows



"Misty Copeland" is a guest on the Tavis Smiley Show with transcript only here.

"Misty Copeland is one of the world's top Black ballet dancers. Widely credited as the first African American soloist at American Ballet Theatre-one of the three leading classical companies in the U.S.-she rose to stardom despite not starting ballet until age 13. By age 15, she was winning awards. Copeland joined ABT's Studio Company in '00, became a member of the corps de ballet in '01 and was appointed a soloist in '07. Last year, she was handpicked by Prince to appear in one of his videos and perform during his global tour."



Kubik emails a link to Aljazeera. Understanding their genesis, the site is still worth a critical viewing.



end Miscellaneous Ramblings




"UC Berkeley to expand Jewish, Israel studies" at jta.org.

"The University of California, Berkeley, School of Law is expanding its Jewish and Israel studies with the launch of a new institute.

The Berkeley Institute for Jewish Law and Israeli Law, Economy and Society, funded by a $750,000 seed gift from The Rosalinde and Arthur Gilbert Foundation, is an interdisciplinary initiative including faculty and student research, new course offerings, speakers and symposia, and collaboration with Israeli universities and academics.

It will offer separate programs in Jewish law, and in Israeli law, economy and society. " 


"Meditation beats dance for harmonizing body and mind" by Yasmin Anwar, newscenter.berkeley.edu.

"The body is a dancer's instrument, but is it attuned to the mind? A new study from the University of California, Berkeley, suggests that professional ballet and modern dancers are not as emotionally in sync with their bodies as are people who regularly practice meditation."



"Solano County teens to be taught financial literacy" contracostatimes.com.

"University of California, Berkeley's Destination College Advising Corps, the Solano County Educational Consortium Program and Travis Credit Union partner to prepare students for college and financial literacy.

More than 200 Solano County high school students will get critical new tools to help them succeed in college and life after high school thanks to a new partnership between Travis Credit Union, Destination College Advising Corps (DCAC) and the Solano County Educational Consortium (SCEC), and two UC Berkeley, college preparation programs."


"RICS Report Underscores Sustainability Benefits" newyorkrealestate.com.

"The financial performance of green office buildings is shifting from anecdotal to well-documented case studies, a testament to sustainable practices impact on creating long-term value and competitiveness.

The conclusions are part of a new report by Piet Eichholtz and Nils Kok of Maastrict University, and John Quigley of the University of California, Berkeley. The report was released this week at the New York University's Schack Institute of Real Estate, Center for the Sustainable Built Environment's 1st Annual Conference on Sustainable Real Estate."


"Fuel Cell College Crew Winning Awards" by Pete Danko, earthtechling.com.

"Berkeley is the top-dog research institution in the University of California system and probably always will be, but UC Riverside has been making a lot of noise recently. Recently, we heard about the Chinese entrepreneur Winston Chung giving $10 million to support cleantech research at the university's Bourns College of Engineering. Now comes word of a group of engineering students winning honors around the country for their work on creating a more affordable hydrogen fuel cell."


"Chip Makers Fight Dwindling Gains in Efficiency" by James Niccolai, pcworld.com.

"The latest generation of graphics chips have 3 billion transistors and consume about 200 watts of energy. The numbers are impressive -- until you consider that the human brain has the equivalent of a trillion transistors and consumes just 20 watts of energy, or far less than it takes to run a light bulb.

Semiconductor makers are looking at the brain with envy these days as they deal with the latest challenge to their industry -- dwindling gains in power efficiency. It's long been a concern for chip designers, but it's taking on new urgency as the common techniques of scaling down power usage are losing their effectiveness."



"State to collect sales tax on medical marijuana" at latimes.com

"California's tax collectors want their share of the burgeoning medical marijuana business.

"The state Board of Equalization announced Thursday that medical marijuana dispensaries are not exempt from paying sales tax.

The decision reaffirms current policy that the selling of medical marijuana involves taxable tangible property, the board said.

The decision, reached in a vote Wednesday, involved the Berkeley Patients Group Inc., a Northern California dispensary, which maintained that marijuana should have the same exemption from sales tax as other medicines prescribed by doctors. Audits conducted for the period of July 1, 2004, through June 30, 2007, found that the Berkeley Patients Group owed the state in excess of $6.4 million in taxes and interest.

The decision underscores the need to regulate and tax marijuana distribution and sales, said board Chairman Jerome Horton, who represents Los Angeles County."



"The Public Worker Gravy Train" at wsj.com.

·"Leaders across the country are proposing restrictions on public employees' pay and benefits in order to put their budgets on a more sustainable path. The political left's counterattack is that government workers aren't overpaid compared to those in the private economy. Who's right?

Consider a study released last October by the Center on Wage and Employment Dynamics at the University of California, Berkeley, which concluded that Golden State public employees "are neither overpaid nor overcompensated. 'The Economic Policy Institute has generated reports arguing that government workers are underpaid.' "







Penndorf's Miscellaneous Ramblings

There's talk these days in west-Berkeley about the genesis of our Potter Creek Berkeley Bowl. Who supported it, who opposed it, "why, when, and where" have been tossed about with abandon these last few days--a spin off it seems of Internet reports about our last city council meeting. For answers, not gossip or mis-memories, go to Scrambled Eggs and Lox Archive atGoogle. Really, there's more there than is healthy.

Google lists over two hundred Berkeley Bowl references on our Scrambled Eggs pages. To easily get all 212 go to the last page and click on "repeat the search with the omitted results included."


I've been looking at our stats from 2009 and 2010. Traffic on the site is up fourteen percent overall from 2009 to 2010.

In a brief look at January 2010 and January 2011, I find visitors spend more time and down load more material this year. Still an anomaly is the two to three times increase in the "Almost Daily Post" pages traffic after I began Penndorf's Miscellaneous Ramblings. It continues into February, but that large an increase is hard to explain. Lipofsky's "People just have too much free time at work" doesn't quite make it.


I AM a blog.

Merriams's offers "a Web site that contains an online personal journal with reflections, comments, and often hyperlinks provided by the writer; also : the contents of such a site."

Who aren't blogs are berkeleyside.com and eastbayexpress.com, both regular and irregular links in sfgate's Berkeley Blog Box. Either they're gaming the system or Merriam's wrong.

Berkeleyside.com and eastbayexpress.com are better defined as Internet news sites with adverts, writers and news-site like formats.


Blog is a "contraction" of web log.



My Scientific Glass neighbors are spiffing up special for their annual shindige.


end Miscellaneous Ramblings



"Dublin hoping to join suitors wooing new Berkeley lab campus" by Robert Jordan, Contra Costa Times.

"It may not boast bayfront views, but Dublin officials are banking on state recognition and the success of two national laboratories located nearby to help lure Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory to open a second campus in town.

The City Council on Tuesday is expected to agree to provide a letter of support for SunCal companies' bid to land the 2-million-square-foot campus that is scheduled to open in December 2015. The council will meets at 7 p.m. at city hall, 100 Civic Plaza.

Proposals are due March 4 and Lawrence Berkeley Lab expects to make a decision by June."



"All of California now linked up to immigration enforcement network" at cctimes.com.

"The federal immigration agency has finally linked all California police agencies to reveal immigrants -- legal or not -- arrested for violating laws and subject to deportation.

The action, announced Friday morning in Southern California, enables U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, or ICE, to tag arrests and travel to all of the state's county jails to pick up immigrants accused of committing crimes.

In essence, local police, willingly or not, have become an arm of the federal immigration agency."



March 2011 here



from my log

2/23/11--5:25 PM--irritant in warehouse front and IMMEDIATLY in front of warehouse, dirty dry air, watery eyes, light head overrides three HEAP filters.

2/26/11--2:10 PM--irritant IMMEDIATELY in front of warehosue, dry dirty air, watery eyes, blury vision, light head. 2:55 PM--similar.



Eternally useful links


Bay Area home prices from sfgate.com


Bay Area foreclosures from sfgate.com

Our City Council update is here.


Our Planning Commision update is here



You can find more information about our current weather conditions than is good for you at www.wunderground.com

Want to see weather coming in, going out, beautiful sunsets, and much, much more? Check out http://sv.berkeley.edu/view/ This very hip site was in an email from reader and contributor, Tony Almeida. Read Tony's Jimi Hendrix story on the only page that routinely gets more hits than Scrambled Eggs.


Best gas prices in 94710, as well as all of US and Canada, are here at gasbuddy.com

Kimar finds Costco routinely has the lowest price.


Richmond Ramblers' motorcycle club member, Cliff Miller emails a very

useful link

If you ever need to get a human being on the phone at a credit card company or bank, etc., this site tells you how to defeat their automated system and get you to a human being within a few seconds.



Markets is not just a reference for Berkeley-Hills radicals with 1.5 mil homes and considerable portfolios.


Our City of Berkeley Boards and Commissions page is here--redone and friendly.



Berkeley Police reports at insidebay area.com are here.


Our Berkeley PD Site with crime statistics and more is here.

Crime Log for 94710 is here

This site is NOT affiliated with Berkeley PD.
Take time to report crime!


All reports of crime-in-progress should first go to Berkeley PD dispatch--911 or non-emergency, 981-5900. THEN make sure you notify EACH of these City people.

The contacts are below:

Our Area Coordinator is Officer Karen Buckheit, Berkeley PD - 981-5774 kbuckheit@ci.berkeley.ca.us

AND check out BPD feature "Who are these Crooks."


Angela Gallegos-Castillo, City Mgr Off - 981-2491 agallegos-castillo@ci.berkeley.ca.us

Ryan Lau, aid to Darryl Moore - 981-7120 rlau@ci.berkeley.ca.us

Darryl Moore, City Councilman dmoore@ci.berkeley.ca.us


More Scrambled Eggs & Lox, here


Stories about Berkeley and stories about recorded-music

are at

Journal of Recorded Music 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11



The original owner of all posted material retains copyright. The material is used only to illustrate.