Types of Mortgage Loans for Residential Property Buyers

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If you are looking to buy a space for a home or a readymade one, you should be aware of the various options available here. Most people would like to use loans rather than spend their savings. Moreover, it also helps to increase your credit rating in the market. Applying for a loan can be complicated. There are so many varieties of loans that are available today.

You will find that different loans suit different people. Fully understand the pros and cons of the loan you will be availing of. Depending on the mortgage loan you choose, there will be a difference in rate, tenure, and documentation. By selecting the right mortgage for yourself, you will be able to lower your down payment as well.

Read about the two most important categories of loans here when it comes to ready homes and apartments. They are:

  • Conforming Loans
  • Non-conforming Loans

Conforming loans is a conventional, low-risk mortgage loan. Additionally, you need a credit rating of 620 to get the loan. There will be some income restrictions, which might change from time to time. You may be able to get this loan at a lower interest rate as well.

Non-conforming loans are government-backed loans, and you can avail yourself of them if you have a low credit score or bankruptcy mentioned in your credit file. You can also avail yourself of land loans, which are slightly different.

person handling a miniature house

Conforming Loans

Conventional Mortgages

This is the most common type of loan that you will come across. However, it is said that they have a stricter criterion, as opposed to other varieties of loans. You can buy a home with a 3% mortgage with this loan. You also need to show a minimum credit score of 620. Additionally, you have to purchase private mortgage insurance if you avail yourself of this loan. Mortgage insurance rates are usually lower, and you can avoid taking them if you are making a down payment of at least 20%.

Fixed-rate Mortgages

This loan will have you paying the same interest and principal rate throughout the loan tenure. However, the amount may vary every month depending on property taxes and insurance rates. Otherwise, the EMI you will be paying will be more or less similar. If you stay in an area with high-interest rates, you may have to shell out more. But many people prefer this, as the budgeting activities become apparent at the very onset.

Non-Conforming Loans

FHA Loans

The Federal Housing Administration backs these loans. You can buy a home with allow credit score of 530. The down payment you have to part with is 3.5% to 10%.

USDA Loans

We will tell you about another kind of loan. It is the USDA loan. They have lower mortgage insurance rates, and you can buy a home without any down payment. However, you need to meet the income criteria.

Some home buyers may look at options to build their homes in selected areas. In that case, land loans are resources that you can lay your hands on.

Land Loans

When you come across an advertisement selling land, you can check out related parameters and criteria to help you get a loan. If you want to buy the space and build the home according to your convenience, this is the best option. There are three categories of land loans — raw land loans, unimproved land loans, and improved land loans.

The first one caters to entirely raw land, without electricity, sewerage, or roads. However, you need to develop a detailed plan to build the space into a developed zone. That is how you can avail yourself of the loan.

Secondly, you can try out the unimproved land loan for slightly more developed land. The said area may also have some utilities. You need to make at least a 20% down payment to avail yourself, and it can be a bit difficult to get it.

Thirdly, improved land should see you sailing with the loan quickly. The main reasons are that the land will have the most amenities and facilities. It may be expensive as well. However, you need to have a good credit rating to avail yourself of this loan. However, the absence of collateral makes it a risky loan, and you may have to cough up a neat sum.

Well, if you thought that is all, you are n wrong. Many avenues are open for people looking to purchase a home or build one on their selected spot. You should always check your options with the help of a mortgage broker to widen your chances. For some, a property purchase can be a lifetime event, so you should do it with caution.


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